PASSENGER SHIP PROBLEMS.
Hardly a month goes by
without a news item about some sort of misfortune involving a cruise ship.
You might not think this surprising since there are many cruise ships
wending their way around the oceans and they cover a multitude of
possibilities from objects as big as the Costa Concordia to ones as small as
the Hebridean Princess. The ship which made the news on 14th February was
the Marco Polo when a large wave broke into the restaurant and felled a
couple of passengers. One , an 85 year old man died before they could get
him to an emergency helicopter, and the other a lady was airlifted ashore
What can we say. If you have a look at the history of the Marco Polo you can
see that it was built fifty odd years ago in East Germany, and was converted
into a ‘modern’ cruise ship in Greece. And of course the ship was hit by a
freak wave which broke the windows, while it was making its way towards
Tilbury up the channel – in February. There are quite a few key words in
this paragraph which might cause one to anticipate disaster, but regardless
of all else there is the probability that the ship was attempting to
maintain its schedule to get back to the terminal port in time to disembark
the current passenger list and take on a new one.
It is always fun to read the critiques by cruise people on the internet, and
the Marco Polo gets a pretty good roasting. But there is a serious message
there. It is important if you are going on a cruise to choose a modern well
run ship, and the older you are the more modern your ship of choice should
much correspondence in the pages of the Nautilus paper ’The Telegraph’ about
the activities of the maintenance vessels used in the windfarms offshore UK.
Correspondents claim that they are often required to work in weather
conditions in excess of even their own guidance. In addition there were
three windfarm vessel accidents during January this year, in one case
requiring the crew to abandon it before it sank. The Nautilus general
secretary has written to the UK shipping minister expressing concern.
However, the response was according to the paper, ‘underwhelming’.
Those of us who have been involved in the offshore oil industry have been
surprised at the apparent lack of regulation extant in the renewables
business. One assumes that there will have to be a serious accident before
anyone grasps the nettle.
AN ACCIDENT IN THE GULF OF MEXICO.
The Ricky B from the
often hear what goes on offshore in the Gulf of Mexico so it was revealing
to receive an accident report from the American National Transport Safety
Board the other day. The accident involved the small platform ship the Ricky
B, pictured here. It was built in 1981, was 110 feet long and was power by
two Detroit diesels of about 500 bhp each. It had a crew of three.
On May 30th 2013 at 0702 the Rocky B sank about 245 miles south of Marsh
Island Louisiana while being towed. The three crewmembers had abandoned ship
and were transferred from another vessel to a manned oil platform.
In the days leading up to the sinking the Ricky B had been conducting supply
runs to various oil production platforms located 30-40 miles from the
Louisiana coast. Two days before the sinking on May 28th 2013 at about 2100
a high bilge alarm activated on board the vessel. The mate entered the
engine room where he noted that the starboard shaft seal packing was damaged
and leaking. The mate woke the master to inform him of the situation and
both returned to the engine room to assess the leak. According to the master
a piece of the packing material was found in the bilge under the starboard
shaft seal system and in his opinion water was ‘coming in too hard’ to
attempt to repack the system. The crew disengaged the starboard engine and
using the port engine maneuvered the Ricky B to a nearby platform where they
tied off the vessel to attempt a repair. The crew managed to tighten the
four nuts that secured the packing gland faceplate to the through-hull
penetration, and this action slowed the ingress of water to a rate that was
reported to be within the capacity of the vessel’s bilge pump.
After the field repair was completed the crew proceeded with the Ricky B’s
intended supply run to another platform 16 miles to the north using only the
port engine. The master told the investigators that the starboard shaft seal
system continued to leak throughout the night and into the early morning in
May 29th, but the vessel’s bilge pump was able to ‘keep the water below the
deck plates’ in the engine room. About 1030, with the master on watch, the
vessel departed the platform for its home port of Dulac, Louisiana, still
using only the port engine. The master stated that he was making rounds in
the engine room every 30 minutes to monitor the flooding situation. About
1045 the mate relieved the master of the watch, and sometime later for
unknown reasons decided to engage the starboard engine at clutch speed.
Clutch speed is the slowest speed at which the engine will rotate the
About 1130 the mate noticed that the bilge pump was no longer keeping up
with the ingress of water. He then aligned the appropriate piping in the
ballast manifold and started the ballast pump to assist the bilge pump in
dewatering the engine room. However this action was unsuccessful and about
1230 the ballast pump ceased to operate due to the rising water level in the
engine room. The mate woke the master and then radioed a distress call which
was received by the US Coast Guard Sector New Orleans. Shortly thereafter
the crew shut down both main engines, but the generator and the bilge pump
were left running and continued to operate until the water level reached a
point where these systems failed.
The crew of a nearby vessel, Miss Monica, responded to the Ricky B’s
distress call. The crew of the Miss Monica supplied a compressed air driven
dewatering pump, which the crew of the Ricky B activated to attempt to
dewater. However that effort was unsuccessful. The crew of the Ricky B also
tried to activate a gasoline powered dewatering pump that had been
airdropped by a Coastguard C-130 aircraft responding from Mobile Alabama.
That too was unsuccessful because the watertight seal on the airdrop case
containing the pump had failed and allowed water into the case, which had
rendered the pump non operational. At 1400 the master deployed the Ricky B’s
anchor, sealed the access to the engine room, activated the vessel’s
emergency position indicating radio beacon and then joined the mate and the
deckhand who had already abandoned the vessel to the Miss Monica. The crew
of the Miss Monica transferred al three crewmembers to a nearby manned
Early the following day, about 0215 on May 30th the towing vessel Delta
Force arrived at the location of the anchored Ricky B which was still
partially afloat. The crew if the Delta Force began towing the Ricky B
towards the shore. However at 0702 the Ricky B completely submerged and sank
in about 50 feet of water some 24 miles from Marsh island.
About 2.5 weeks later on June 17th the Ricky B was lifted to the surface by
a contracted salvage team for dewatering. On entering the engine room the
salvage supervisor discovered that three of the four nuts that secured the
packing gland faceplate to the shaft sealing system were loose and the plate
was offset 3-4 inches allowing water to flow freely into the vessel. The
salvage supervisor removed the packing gland faceplate, installed new
packing material and then reinstalled the packing gland faceplate,
effectively making the gland watertight. The vessel was dewatered and then
towed to a shipyard in Morgan City to be examined and repaired or scrapped.
Postsinking toxicological testing was performed on all three crewmembers,
and the mate’s specimen tested positive for cocaine. The mate’s use of this
illegal drug may have contributed to the sinking because of his decision to
engage the starboard propulsion shaft even though he knew it had been shut
down due to the severe seal leak. In addition, although the crewmembers
stated that they had tightened the bolts that secured the starboard shaft
packing gland faceplate, this was not the condition in which the salvage
team found the starboard shaft seal when the vessel was examined immediately
The above report is reproduced more or less complete, and would raise a
few questions for European mariners. It is difficult, for instance to
imagine a ship with only three crew venturing out into the oilfield, even
allowing for the generally more benign weather conditions in the Gulf of
Mexico and the small size of the ship. Indeed one wonders whether a ship
manned in this way should be out there overnight anyway. Perhaps it was not
really meant to be more than what might be called a day boat. Who knows,
certainly not the investigators whose sole conclusion was that the crew had
failed to assess the seriousness of the leak.
A helicopter on an offshore
helideck. Tim McLeod
The UK CAA
and the Norwegian air authorities have recently issued new rules for the
carriage of personnel in helicopters flying to offshore installations of all
This is after there have been five helicopter accidents in recent years,
some with major losses of life.
According to the report in the Scotsman on 21st February helicopters are to
be banned from taking off in severe weather and, pending further
improvements, oil rig workers will only be allowed to fly if they are seated
next to an emergency window exit.
From April 1st 2015 the regulatory authority has also called for a limit to
the ‘size’ of offshore workers allowed to fly by helicopter. This limitation
has yet to be specified, but some commentators have suggested that they will
be required to be able to exit through an emergency escape window, which
seems sort of logical. There is more, and doubtless it will all rumble on.
Some will remember that the larger crewmembers always seem to get onto the
helicopter first, leaving the smaller personnel only able to get one cheek
of their backsides onto the seat. So at least that will change.
THE ESNAAD 715
Here is the Esnaad 251 a
sistership to the 715. Photo Jan Plug.
Back near the
beginning of the month I was watching the news here is Spain when I saw a
somewhat garbled news item which included video of crewmembers being lifted
from…yes, a supply boat, to a rescue helicopter.
It turned out
that the ship in trouble was the Esnaad 715 one of Damen Axebow crewboats
which was on a delivery voyage from Holland to the Middle East. Apart from
cribbing the design name from Ulstein these look like splendid little craft
and so it was distressing that one might be lost at sea without even turning
a propeller in anger.
But as it turned out the five crewmembers were saved, and afterwards the
ship was towed into Coruna, so up to a point all is well.
The modern concept of having ships dive through the waves which seemed to
have been started with the XBow, has been extended by a number of designers
and the Axebow, with no flare effectively fulfils the same purpose. If there
is a downside it would appear than more of the hull is used for the bow,
thereby reducing the cargo carrying space, but one assumes that the
passengers can go in that bit, and since the ship will pierce the waves
rather than riding over them one assumes that the ride will be more
The whole concept might have been initiated when shops started having
watertight doors at deck level rather than wooden ones. Wooden doors!!! What
were they thinking??
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS NEWSLETTER AND SHIPS AND OIL LTD
This newsletter expresses the views of the author Victor Gibson about marine
events which are considered to be worthy of interest. It is meant to be a
five minute read. Sources of information include:
International Tug and OSV Magazine
The Tugs, Towing and Offshore Newsletter.
The Nautilus Telegraph
The Nautical institute Magazine, Seaways
The BBC Home Page
The MAIB Website
World Maritime News
The Siberia Times
The Ships and Oil website contains comprehensive information about many
offshore vessels and approaching 10,000 images.
People have continued to send pictures of the day for which I am very
grateful. The photos brighten the days of our hundreds of visitors as they
sit at their desks – I have noticed that our numbers are considerably
reduced at the weekends. By the way I have been told that a number of
subscribers to the newsletter send it on to others – if you are one of the
others email me for your own copy! I have had one or two requests, but have
not always been successful in sending the newsletter. Maybe their systems
Company pages updated this month are as follows:
Well. Not much done there then. This is because sometimes I am unable to
give my whole attention to the website due to actual work for which some one
Recent Pictures of the Day include:
Noble Regina Allen
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Vic Gibson. February 2014.
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