WWW.SHIPSANDOIL.COM
home   Picture of the Day     ship information   articles and features     news and views   publications   webcam 

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Locations of visitors to this page

PICTURE OF THE DAY
PIC OF THE DAY ARCHIVES
2007 - 77 Photographs
2008 - 101 Photographs
2009 - 124 Photographs
2010 - 118 Photographs
2011 - 100 Photographs
2012 - 97 Photographs


SHIP INFORMATION
FLEET LISTS
EUROPE PAGE 1
Acergy, Active, Acomarit,
Aries Offshore, Arctia, Arktik-
more, Blue Ship Invest, Bibby, Boa, Branding, BUE, Boston Putford, Bourbon Offshore, Deep Sea Supply, DOF, Eide, Eidsurf, Eidesvik, ER Schiffart

EUROPE PAGE 2
Esvagt, Fairmount, Fairplay, Farstad, Femco, Fletcher Shipping, Fratelli d'Amato, Geoconsult, Gulf Offshore, Harmsbergung, Harrisons, Hartmann, Havila
EUROPE PAGE 3
Heerema, Island Offshore, JP Knight, K Line, Lauritzen Offshore, Maersk Supply, Marine Subsea, ITC, Noorhoek, Nordane, Mokster/Eidesvik, Myklebusthaug, North Star, Nomis, O.H.Meling, Olympic Shipping, OOC Offshore, Ostensjo Rederi, Petrobaltic, REM Offshore, Sartor Shipping
EUROPE PAGE 4
Sea Mar Shipping, Sealion, Siem Offshore, Simon Mokster, SMS, Solstad Offshore, Subsea7, TFDS, Telco, Trico, Varada, Viking Supply Ships, Vroon, World Wide Supply
S. ATLANTIC & CARRIBEAN
Astro Maritima, Bourbon Maritima, CBO, Delba Maritima, Finarge Brasil, Gulf Brasil, GulfMark Trinidad, Norskan, Saveiros Camuyrano, Sea Trucks Group
INDIA
Garware, Greatship India, Great Offshore, Procyon Offshore, Varun Shipping
NORTH AMERICA PAGE 1
Abdon Callais, Atlantic Towing, Boluda, C&G Boats, Deepocean, Edison Chouest, Harvey Gulf Marine, Hornbeck, L&M Botruc, Naviera B Tamaulipas, Oddyssea, OIL, Otto Candies, Rowan, Seacor, Sea Nar Inc, Secunda, Tidewater.
NORTH AMERICA PAGE 2
Trico Marine

FAR EAST & AUSTRALIA
Alam Maritim, Allied Marine, Britoil, CH Offshore, Go Offshore, Hallin, Huawei Offshore, IOS, Jaya Holdings, Mermaid Marine, NOR Offshore, Petra Perdana, Swire Pacific,
MED & MIDDLE EAST

Adams, Augusta, Augustea, Brodospas, EDT Offshore, Finarge Genova, Five Oceans Salvage, Mar Sol, MCT, Med Offshore, NJSC Chornomornaftogaz, Portosalvo, Remolques Maritimos, Seaways International, 

FEATURES
DEEPWATER HORIZON
ACCIDENTS
OPERATIONS
SAFETY
TECHNICAL
CREATIVE WRITING
GENERAL INTEREST
GLOSSARY OF TERMS

NEWS AND VIEWS
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
2000

PUBLICATIONS
THE HISTORY OF THE SUPPLY SHIP
SUPPLY SHIP OPERATIONS

THE ABERDEEN WEBCAM
 

  

FEATURES
 

THE DEEPWATER HORIZON

Deepwater Horizon - What Have we Done to Deserve This
Deepwater Horizon - After the BP Report
Deepwater Horizon - The Investigation
The Deepwater Horizon and the Late MMS.
The Deepwater Horizon - PR and Politics
The Deepwater Horizon - Forces at Work
The Deepwater Horizon - Where Are We Now?
ROVs, Risers and Mud
The Deepwater Horizon - Later
Something about the Deepwater Horizon Accident
Channelling the Oil Leak
Preventing Fires and Explosions on Offshore Installations

OTHER ACCIDENTS
The Costa Concordia Report
The Costa Concordia Grounding
The Loss of the Normand Rough
The Bourbon Dolphin Accident
The Loss of the Stevns Power
Another Marine Disaster
Something About the P36
The Cormorant Alpha Accident
The Loss of the Ocean Express

OPERATIONS

The Life of the Oil Mariner
Offshore Technology and the Kursk
The Sovereign Explorer and the Black Marlin
 

SAFETY
The ALARP Demonstration
PFEER, DCR and Verification
PFEER and the Dacon Scoop
Human Error and Heavy Weather Damage
Lifeboats & Offshore Installations
More about PFEER
The Offshore Safety Regime - Fit for the Next Decade
The Safety Case and its Future
Jigsaw
Collision Risk Management
Shuttle Tanker Collisions
A Good Prospect of Recovery

TECHNICAL

The History of the UT 704
The Peterhead Connection
Goodbye Kiss
Uses for New Ships
Supporting Deepwater Drilling
Jack-up Moving - An Overview
Seismic Surveying
Breaking the Ice
Tank Cleaning and the Environment
More about Mud Tank Cleaning
Datatrac
Tank Cleaning in 2004
Glossary of Terms

CREATIVE WRITING

An Unusual Investigation
Gaia and Oil Pollution
The True Price of Oil
Icebergs and Anchor-Handlers
Atlantic SOS
The Greatest Influence
How It Used to Be
Homemade Pizza
Goodbye Far Turbot
The Ship Manager
Running Aground
A Cook's Tale
Navigating the Channel
The Captain's Letter

GENERAL INTEREST

The Sealaunch Project
Ghost Ships of Hartlepool
Beam Him Up Scotty
Q790
The Bilbao OSV Conference

 



 

SOMETHING ABOUT THE PETROBRAS 36

The world hardly held its breath as the P-36, possibly the most advanced floating production unit in the world gradually heeled over and on Tuesday 20th March 2001 sank beneath the waves of Brazil's Campos Basin. Ten of the rig crew, either Petrobras employees or contractors died in the catastrophe, there was a moderate level of pollution and the insurance industry has to fork out $500 million.

Those of us professionally involved in offshore safety have followed events by any means possible, and have been generally distressed not only by the event itself, but also by the scant research undertaken and the consequent poor quality of the reporting by apparently reputable news agencies.

The phrase "As tall as a 40 story building" appeared in almost every report and leaning over "three times as much as the leaning tower of Pisa" was used the illustrate the angle of the structure. The part of the rig destroyed by the explosion was described as "one of the supporting columns" and the pontoons as "the buoyancy containers." It was also often described as the largest oil rig in the world, and the largest semi-submersible in the world.

All this must have been very confusing for those unfamiliar with offshore structures since it was pretty confusing for those who are. The truth is that the P-36 was a moderately sized semi-submersible oil rig which was converted for its role in Brazil. it was about 80 meters long and a similar width and about 50 meters from keel to deck. In common with most semi-submersibles, two pontoons - separate hulls looking a little like submarines - supported columns which in turn supported the deck, and the deck housed the mass of equipment required to separate crude from gas and water. The P-36 had only four columns though they were dimensionally large and it was in one of these that the explosion, or explosions occurred. It is rumoured that the first explosion took place in a paint locker and that the casualties were the fire team sent to deal with the resulting fire. It then appears that further explosions destroyed the column.

Most modern semi-submersibles are constructed so that in theory, even if one column ceases to provide buoyancy for any reason, the rig will remain afloat. To achieve this the connecting hatches or doors between internal watertight divisions must be kept closed and the apertures at deck level must also remain closed. It is unlikely that his was the case. It is difficult for the ordinary rig worker to appreciate that keeping hatches doors and vents closed will be of any benefit. They will be unable to visualise an event so disastrous that part of the deck of the rig could be submerged. If they could visualise it they would probably stay at home.

Incidentally the P-36 had one statistic which counts against it ever being recovered from the seabed, and will ensure that its replacement will be difficult to connect and position. It was moored in 1360 meters (about 4500 ft ) of water.

 TO RETURN TO FEATURES INDEX CLICK HERE

 

Recent Shipping Company
updates

BLUE SHIP INVEST
WORLD WIDE SUPPLY
SUBSEA7
OSTENJO REDERI

Recent Pictures of the DaY

SKANDI AGRA
SEDCO 712
WORLD PEARL


Stuff from the Features

THE BOURBON DOLPHIN ACCIDENT
DEEPWATER HORIZON
THE COSTA CONCORDIA REPORT

RIGMOVES
ONLY 5.75
INC P&P

THE HISTORY OF THE SUPPLY SHIP 37.50 INC P&P

SUPPLY SHIP OPERATIONS 27.5  INC P&P

 

             The details of vessels have been compiled from a number of sources and are not guaranteed to be correct. All photographs remain the property of the photographer and may not be used for any commercial purpose, either in print or electronically without permission.  The articles contained on the site remain the intellectual property of the authors and must not be reproduced in part or in full without permission.